Analysis of Significant Electrocardiogram (ECG/EKG) Variations in Psychological Stress

Authors

  • Harisoorya A. U. Research Scholar, College of Social Sciences and Humanities, Srinivas University, Mangalore, Karnataka, INDIA
  • Vidya N. Associate Professor, College of Social Sciences and Humanities, Srinivas University, Mangalore, Karnataka, INDIA
  • J. Satpathy Professor, College of Management and Commerce, Srinivas University, Mangalore, Karnataka, INDIA
  • Laveena D’Mello Dean, College of Social Sciences and Humanities, Srinivas University, Mangalore, Karnataka, INDIA

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47992/IJHSP.2581.6411.0076

Keywords:

Psychological stress, Cardiac Arrhythmia, Tachycardia, Sudden Cardiac Death (SCD), ECG variations

Abstract

Purpose: Mental stress and other psychosomatic disorders have been linked to an increased risk of sudden cardiac death in population studies. There hasn't been a thorough examination as to whether emotional or physical stresses might cause sporadic ventricular arrhythmias in vulnerable patients. An outsized and mounting body of discovery shed light on the fact that internal health is interrelated to risk factors for heart complaint before an opinion of an internal health complaint and through treatment. These things can arise both directly, through natural pathways, and laterally, through parlous health actions. People who are passing through clinical depression, anxiety disorders, common and general stress syndromes, and indeed post-traumatic stress disorder commonly known as PTSD over an absolute period of your occasion may observe definite physiological alterations in the body, similarly, as a highly enlarged cardiac reactivity such as augmented vital signs and elevated blood pressure, deducted or condensed blood inflow directly to the center, and heightened or highly raised amount of an organic chemical compound called cortisol. Over time, these physiologic processes may generate calcium particle depositions or buildup within the normal organic pathways. It may also manifest events of body metabolic dysfunction as well as cardiac conduction problems. Substantiation shows that many physiological and psychiatric/psychological diseases -similar to chronic clinical depression, psychological stress, and PTSD can appear after any cardiac event regardless of its severity. 

Objective: The focal objective of this article is to identify psychological stress, its influence on cardiac problems such as cardiac arrhythmia, and its symptomatic manifestations on an electrocardiogram. Apart from that, this paper also focuses on the area of how ECG changes due to psychological distress. Another objective of this paper is to provide vivid information about psychological stress and its link with acute and chronic cardiac pathologies. Laymen should know the fact that the mind and the body are linked with each other and if the mind is distressed for a long time will affect the health condition of the physical body also. 

Design/Methodology/Approach: To build the paper, mostly secondary information has been used from various sources such as clinical literature, journals, websites, etc. Primary information has also been used to increase the accuracy and reliability of the paper. Primary data have been taken from neuropsychologists, cardiologists, clinical psychopathologists, and behavioral medicine specialists. Based on all these databases, systematic and scientific clinical analysis of information has been done to avoid any mistakes and errors.   

Findings/Result: In people with ICDs, stress and physical exercise might cause ventricular rhythm abnormalities. Future studies into medicines that prevent these stimuli' responses might reduce ventricular arrhythmias and upsets in some of these patients. People with type A personalities should try to control or adjust their innate personality and character to reduce the vulnerability to develop any kind of cardiac arrhythmia or any other cardiac pathologies. All ECG variations and arrhythmias are not related to psychological stress rather it needs differential diagnosis to rule out any other underlying problems. A thorough differential investigation is suggested to rule out whether the cardiac problem is due to psychological stress or not.  

Originality and value: A comprehensive analysis and interpretation have been made to cover the concerned topic of study and make information more reliable and valid. A new initiative is taken to provide information about the mind and heart link. 

Paper Type: Secondary clinical report analysis/interpretive paper 

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Published

2022-02-10

How to Cite

Harisoorya A. U., Vidya N., J. Satpathy, & Laveena D’Mello. (2022). Analysis of Significant Electrocardiogram (ECG/EKG) Variations in Psychological Stress. International Journal of Health Sciences and Pharmacy (IJHSP), 6(1), 1–16. https://doi.org/10.47992/IJHSP.2581.6411.0076