International Journal of Health Sciences and Pharmacy (IJHSP) <p><strong>International Journal of Health Sciences and Pharmacy (IJHSP) (ISSN - 2581-6411)</strong> is an international, not-for-profit, open-access bi-annually online Refereed journal that accepts research works from scholars, academicians, professors, doctorates, lecturers and corporate in their respective expertise of studies. The aim of IJHSP is to publish peer-reviewed research and review articles. The mission of this journal is to publish original contributions in its field to promote research in various disciplines. IJHSP aims to bring pure academic research and more practical publications. So it covers the full range of research applied to various sciences that meet future demands. All submitted articles should report original, previously unpublished (experimental or theoretical) research and results. All the submissions in the scope of IJHSP will be peer-reviewed. All submissions are also checked for plagiarism. The length of the manuscript must be between five (5) to twenty (20) journal pages excluding references.</p> Srinivas Publication, Mangalore, Karnataka, India-575001 en-US International Journal of Health Sciences and Pharmacy (IJHSP) 2581-6411 Analysis of Significant Electrocardiogram (ECG/EKG) Variations in Psychological Stress <p><strong>Purpose:&nbsp;</strong><em>Mental stress and other psychosomatic disorders have been linked to an increased risk of sudden cardiac death in population studies. There hasn't been a thorough examination as to whether emotional or physical stresses might cause sporadic ventricular arrhythmias in vulnerable patients. An outsized and mounting body of discovery shed light on the fact that internal health is interrelated to risk factors for heart complaint before an opinion of an internal health complaint and through treatment. These things can arise both directly, through natural pathways, and laterally, through parlous health actions. People who are passing through clinical depression, anxiety disorders, common and general stress syndromes, and indeed post-traumatic stress disorder commonly known as PTSD over an absolute period of your occasion may observe definite physiological alterations in the body, similarly, as a highly enlarged cardiac reactivity such as augmented vital signs and elevated blood pressure, deducted or condensed blood inflow directly to the center, and heightened or highly raised amount of an organic chemical compound called cortisol. Over time, these physiologic processes may generate calcium particle depositions or buildup within the normal organic pathways. It may also manifest events of body metabolic dysfunction as well as cardiac conduction problems. Substantiation shows that many physiological and psychiatric/psychological diseases -similar to chronic clinical depression, psychological stress, and PTSD can appear after any cardiac event regardless of its severity.&nbsp;</em></p> <p><strong>Objective:</strong><em>&nbsp;The focal objective of this article is to identify psychological stress, its influence on cardiac problems such as cardiac arrhythmia, and its symptomatic manifestations on an electrocardiogram. Apart from that, this paper also focuses on the area of how ECG changes due to psychological distress. Another objective of this paper is to provide vivid information about psychological stress and its link with acute and chronic cardiac pathologies. Laymen should know the fact that the mind and the body are linked with each other and if the mind is distressed for a long time will affect the health condition of the physical body also.&nbsp;</em></p> <p><strong>Design/Methodology/Approach:</strong><em>&nbsp;To build the paper, mostly secondary information has been used from various sources such as clinical literature, journals, websites, etc. Primary information has also been used to increase the accuracy and reliability of the paper. Primary data have been taken from neuropsychologists, cardiologists, clinical psychopathologists, and behavioral medicine specialists. Based on all these databases, systematic and scientific clinical analysis of information has been done to avoid any mistakes and errors.&nbsp; &nbsp;</em></p> <p><strong>Findings/Result:</strong><em>&nbsp;In people with ICDs, stress and physical exercise might cause ventricular rhythm abnormalities. Future studies into medicines that prevent these stimuli' responses might reduce ventricular arrhythmias and upsets in some of these patients. People with type A personalities should try to control or adjust their innate personality and character to reduce the vulnerability to develop any kind of cardiac arrhythmia or any other cardiac pathologies. All ECG variations and arrhythmias are not related to psychological stress rather it needs differential diagnosis to rule out any other underlying problems. A thorough differential investigation is suggested to rule out whether the cardiac problem is due to psychological stress or not.&nbsp;&nbsp;</em></p> <p><strong>Originality and value:</strong><em>&nbsp;A comprehensive analysis and interpretation have been made to cover the concerned topic of study and make information more reliable and valid. A new initiative is taken to provide information about the mind and heart link.&nbsp;</em></p> <p><strong>Paper Type:</strong><em>&nbsp;Secondary clinical report analysis/interpretive paper&nbsp;</em></p> Harisoorya A. U. Vidya N. J. Satpathy Laveena D’Mello Copyright (c) 2022 2022-02-10 2022-02-10 6 1 1 16 10.47992/IJHSP.2581.6411.0076 Linkage of Safety Site Conditions with Accidents <p><strong>Purpose:</strong> <em>In Construction many employments are there which draws attention to high standards of safety. the study was conducted To access the linkage between site condition of safety management in selected Five under construction commercial projects of Bharatpur Metropolitan city with accident cases for framing the empirical solution of productivity through safety seems highly significant. </em></p> <p><strong>Design/Methodology/Approach:</strong> <em>Site visit of the Project; questionnaire survey and interview were done. Initially, the case study of the 5- project and questionnaire survey for the pilot survey was distributed. Cases of 11 Accidents were documented and analyzed for creating safe acts and safe conditions. </em></p> <p><strong>Findings/Result:</strong> <em>It was concluded that the occupational hazards in the commercial projects construction process consist of the physical hazards primarily while hazards like mechanical, psychological, and chemical are the minor ones. Use of the safety signboards was limited in the sites. It is also observed that there is no proper optimal use of the personal safety procedure. It is recommended that employers and the contractor team should be responsible for the health and safety of the worker and follow the general guidelines for it. Productivity without safety cannot lead to profitability. Loss of some parts to loss of life is recorded due to a lack of construction safety practice-based theory of causation of accidents. Urgent needs of implementing proactive and reactive safety procedures at management, organization, and employee level should be focused on.</em> <em>There must be proper allocation of the safety items in the BOQ and the work done and personnel allocating doing the work should be aware of the hazards. The housekeeping and the preventive measures must be allocated and the proper use of the PPE too. The job satisfaction from the engineering team to the workforce must be provided by the organization. </em></p> <p><strong>Originality/Value:</strong><em> The study will be significant for policymakers and professionals to feel and experience the danger of the construction industry to avoid in their case as if we experience by doing the accident may we cannot be in a position to share the experience. The need for regulatory improvements will draw attention. </em></p> <p><strong>Paper Type:</strong> <em>Empirical Research </em></p> A. K. Mishra Rochak Adhikari P. S. Aithal Copyright (c) 2022 2022-03-04 2022-03-04 6 1 17 34 10.47992/IJHSP.2581.6411.0077 A Case Study on Risk of Musculoskeletal Disorder Due to Poor Ergonomics in First Time Lactating Mother with Recurrent Myofascial Trigger <p><strong>Purpose:</strong><em> A case study was done to analyze the risk of musculoskeletal disorder due to poor ergonomics and to evaluate the post-partum depression in first-time lactating mothers with recurrent Myofascial triggers.</em></p> <p><strong>Design/Methodology/Approach</strong>:<em> The researchers </em><em>used a descriptive research methodology to assess and analyze all the activities which could help to meet the objectives of the study. The positions of lactating mothers are explained accurately and factually based on observation, personal interviews, and analyzed postpartum depression using Edinburg Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS). Thus, this design may help to open a few facts about the breastfeeding positions of first-time moms, which is still having a scarcity of literature. Data collected from the study are noted, explained, and analyzed for comparison and further studies. The respondents of the study were the patients/mother who came to health care services due to physical and mental issues after eight weeks of delivery.</em></p> <p><strong>Finding/Result:</strong><em> This case study has shown that new moms who are breastfeeding their babies are more prone to the risks of musculoskeletal disorders due to their poor ergonomics. It is also clear that post-partum depression is common in new mothers. From secondary data, there is an association between poor ergonomics and recurrent Myofascial triggers. So, it is important to give proper guidance in good ergonomics for newly lactating mothers during an antenatal and post-natal period to avoid the risk of musculoskeletal disorders.</em></p> <p><strong>Originality/Value:</strong><em> An ergonomic dimension of this study.</em></p> <p><strong>Paper Type:</strong><em> Case Study Research</em></p> Susan Annie George Arun Thomas Abraham Ajay Kumar Copyright (c) 2022 2022-03-10 2022-03-10 6 1 35 42 10.47992/IJHSP.2581.6411.0078 Normative Value of Patellar Tendon Thickness in Indian Young Adult Population - A Cross Sectional Study <p><strong>Purpose</strong>: <em>Patellar Tendinopathy (PT) is a highly prevalent condition in lower extremity. Ultrasonography is used as diagnostic tool and outcome measure in clinical trials on PT. As the thickness of the tendon increases in tendinopathy conditions, it is important to establish a normal value of the tendon thickness. Therefore, normal and pathological tendon can be differentiated from each other. Though normal tendon thickness was established for western country population, it is important to have a normal reference value for Indian population as Indians belong to different race and ethnic background. So, the purpose of the study was to establish a normative data of patellar tendon thickness in young Indian adult population. </em></p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong><em> A total of 48 subjects, 28 males and 20 females were included based on inclusion and exclusion criteria. The inclusion criteria were subjects aged between 18 and 35 years of age, both male and female, currently not suffering from any of the musculoskeletal pain in the lower extremity.&nbsp; Included subjects were positioned supine with mild knee flexion and undergone ultrasound measurement of patellar tendon thickness at both 0.5 centimetres proximal to the tibial tuberocity and 0.5 centimetres distal to the apex of the patellar tendon of both the extremities by an experienced radiologist. </em><em>The measurements were recorded in centimetres.</em></p> <p><strong>Results: </strong><em>Patellar tendon thickness of the recruited subjects for right and left side with geometric mean and 95% confidence was calculated. The overall Proximal thickness geometrical mean and confidence interval were. 0.35 (CI0.34 to 0.37). Meanwhile, the mid and distal thickness were0.33 (CI 0.32 to 0.35) and 0.35 (CI 0.33 to 0.36) respectively. </em></p> <p><strong>Original value:</strong><em> This is a primary study</em> <em>established a normative value of patellar tendon thickness for young Indian adult population. </em></p> <p><strong>Paper type:</strong><em> A cross sectional study </em></p> Rajasekar S. Dinesh K. V. N. Mohak Girish Adav Kartikeya V. Uchila Copyright (c) 2022 2022-03-23 2022-03-23 6 1 43 49 10.47992/IJHSP.2581.6411.0079 Lockdown: The Most Effective Preventive Measurement of Corona Virus Pandemic Disease through Social Distancing <p><strong>Purpose: </strong><em>The lifestyle of people throughout the world has been affected exceptionally due to the severity of COVID-19 pandemic disease. Different steps to prevent this pandemic disease have been taken to protect the entire nation by the government of the affected countries. Several research works are going on to forecast on the different cases of the disease like new affected cases, new death cases. But the researchers have not worked for the Stringency Index on which transmission of the virus mostly depends till now. </em></p> <p><strong>Objective: </strong><em>Decision of maintaining strict lockdown and partial lockdown are the most effective preventive measure to resist this pandemic disease by breaking the cycle of transmission through social distancing. </em></p> <p><strong>Methodology: </strong><em>In our proposed work we have introduced the reality. </em><em>Data from various sources on this disease for most affected countries like India have been collected by the authors. They have started an experiment on that data and ultimately have prepared a mathematical model to correlate between basic reproduction rate and the stringency index. </em></p> <p><strong>Results: </strong><em>The authors have calculated average new infected cases, maximum new infected cases and minimum new infected cases which are highly associated with the stringency index. Average death cases, maximum death cases, and minimum death cases are also been calculated as these are also associated with the stringency index. </em></p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong><em>Depending on the result of experiment of our work government of India as well as World Health Organization can take a decision for maintaining an effective lockdown to protect the entire nation from this deadlier disease. </em></p> Sandip Roy Priyanka Bhattacharya Rajesh Bose Haraprasad Mondal Indranil Sarkar Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-16 2022-06-16 6 1 50 61 10.47992/IJHSP.2581.6411.0080 Effect of Smartphone Assisted Cardiac Rehabilitation Self-Management (SACRSM) on Talk Test Value and Six Minute Walk Test Distance in Uncomplicated Cardio Vascular Disease (CVD) Patient – Single Case Study <p><strong>Purpose: </strong><em>A single case study was carried to analyze the use of Smartphone Assisted Rehabilitation for Cardiac Patients through Self Management (SACRSM) on Talk Test value and 6MWTD in Uncomplicated Cardio Vascular Disease Patients.</em></p> <p><strong>Design/Methodology/Approach: </strong><em>The researchers around the world have done various descriptive study designs to read the effect of Smartphone Assisted Cardiac Rehabilitation Self Management (SACRSM) on talk test and six minute walk test parameters which might help to attain the objectives of the study. Scarcity of literature on the effect of Smartphone Assisted Cardiac Rehabilitation Self-Management (SACRSM)to manage uncomplicated Cardio Vascular Disease patients on talk test value and six minute walk test parameters lead to undergo this study. Data were collected from the study are recorded and analyzed. The respondents of the study were uncomplicated cardio vascular disease patients within 6 months prior to this study intervention and who has been diagnosed and referred from Cardiac Physician.</em></p> <p><strong>Finding/Result: </strong><em>This case study shown significant improvement in the outcome of talk test value and six minute walk test parameters with the effect of Smartphone Assisted Cardiac Rehabilitation Self Management (SACRSM) for 24 weeks in CVD patients. So SACRSM is important to be availed with easier feasible way to attain gain in the form of talk test value and six minute walk test parameters in coronary artery disease patients.</em></p> <p><strong>Originality/Value: </strong><em>Execution of Cardiac Rehabilitation through Smartphone Intervention.</em></p> <p><strong>Paper Type: </strong><em>Case Study Research</em></p> M. Premkumar Amit Kiran S. Rajasekar Ajay Kumar Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-16 2022-06-16 6 1 62 71 10.47992/IJHSP.2581.6411.0081 Blood Type and their Relationship with Motivational Behaviours <p><strong>Purpose: </strong><em>All people, including you and me, have motivational behaviors, and every individual comes up with different factors to influence their motivational behavior. It is what makes us the person we are. Our motivational behaviors take care of our behavior, thinking ability, emotions, thoughts, and even individual feelings, even at their unconscious levels. Such that, the mentioned things will always help in forecasting the future and also their behavioral changes in different situations. Many of the earlier studies have proved that there is no correlation between motivation levels of the individual through their blood group, but the concept remains more popular in all dimensions.</em></p> <p><strong>Objective:</strong> <em>The researchers have set the following primary objective and the current study investigates a broad research question to identify whether blood type has a relationship with motivational behaviors.</em></p> <p><strong>Methodology: </strong>The study is based on secondary evidence. In this regard, various libraries were visited and some online journals were also reviewed in this direction.</p> <p><strong>Findings/Result:</strong> <em>Researchers have found that blood type does have a relationship with personality and behaviors in countries where belief in the blood type personality theory is strong. This study concluded that people changed their personality to fit their blood type instead of in a self-fulfilling prophecy. Thus, blood type does have </em><em>a relationship with motivational behaviors like motivation is an internal process, the anatomy of motivation, motivational traits, character motivation, and neuro motivation, intrinsic and extrinsic &amp;major determinants of motivation.</em></p> <p><strong>Research Implications:</strong> <em>Motivational behaviors need to be tackled with the weapon of trend motivational techniques i.e., beyond monetary compensation for which the blood type and their relationship with motivational behaviors help a lot.</em></p> <p><strong>Originality/Value: </strong><em>Other researchers have found that&nbsp;blood type does&nbsp;have a relationship with personality and behaviors. </em><em>Similarly, blood type affects motivational behaviors. In countries like Japan, Korea, Asia, etc., where belief in the&nbsp;blood type&nbsp;personality theory is strong. This study concluded that people changed their motivation &amp; personalities to fit their&nbsp;blood type&nbsp;instead of in a self-fulfilling prophecy. In this way, it is similar to the use of astrological signs, which is also popular in Japan.</em></p> <p><strong>Paper Type: </strong><em>The present study made an attempt to identify whether blood type has a relationship with motivation. The study is based on secondary evidence.</em></p> Shyam B. R. Aithal P. S. Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 6 1 72 81 10.47992/IJHSP.2581.6411.0082